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The exact cause of piles, or hemorrhoids, is not fully understood. However, several factors can contribute to their development. Here are some common causes and risk factors associated with piles:

  • Increased pressure in the rectal area: Straining during bowel movements due to constipation or diarrhea can put excessive pressure on the blood vessels in the rectum and anus, leading to the development of hemorrhoids.
  • Chronic constipation: Infrequent bowel movements and difficulty passing stools can increase the likelihood of developing hemorrhoids. Straining during bowel movements can further aggravate the condition.
  • Prolonged sitting or standing: Spending long periods of time sitting or standing without taking breaks can contribute to the development of piles. It increases the pressure on the rectal area and hampers proper blood circulation.
  • Pregnancy: The hormonal changes and increased pressure on the pelvic veins during pregnancy can lead to the development of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids that occur during pregnancy are called pregnancy-related or gestational hemorrhoids.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese puts extra pressure on the rectal veins, increasing the risk of developing hemorrhoids.
  • Age: The risk of developing hemorrhoids tends to increase with age. As people get older, the connective tissues that support the veins in the rectal area may weaken, making them more susceptible to swelling and inflammation.
  • Family history: There may be a genetic predisposition to developing hemorrhoids. If your parents or close family members have a history of hemorrhoids, you may be at a higher risk.
  • Other factors: Other factors that can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids include a sedentary lifestyle, a low-fiber diet, frequent heavy lifting, chronic coughing, and certain medical conditions such as liver disease.

It’s important to note that while these factors increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids, they may not necessarily cause them. It’s often a combination of factors that contribute to the development of piles. If you’re experiencing symptoms of hemorrhoids or are concerned about your risk, it’s best to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and guidance.